abortion

"LAW.COM Dictionary":
n. the termination of pregnancy by various means, including medical surgery, before the fetus is able to sustain independent life. Until 1973 abortion was considered a crime (by the mother and the doctor) unless performed by physicians to protect the life of the mother, a phrase often broadly interpreted. Untrained persons performed thousands of abortions each year in the U.S. using hasty, unsanitary and dangerous means, resulting in maiming, permanent damage of organs, and death of many women. The Supreme Court ruled in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973) that a woman had the right to choose abortion to end a pregnancy through the first trimester (three months) of gestation. In the latter stages of pregnancy, danger to the life of the mother could still justify a legal abortion. Political struggles followed over legalized abortions. Some state legislatures passed limitations such as requiring teenage girls to obtain their parents' consent in order to get an abortion. Despite appointment of anti-abortion justices by Presidents Reagan and Bush, the Supreme Court has not over-turned the basic Wade case rule. President Bill Clinton's appointments are expected to make legalized abortion continue in the future.

English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典). 2013.

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  • ABORTION — is defined as the artificial termination of a woman s pregnancy. In the Biblical Period A monetary penalty was imposed for causing abortion of a woman s fetus in the course of a quarrel, and the penalty of   death if the woman s own death… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abortion — • Briefly defined as the loss of a fetal life. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abortion     Abortion     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • abortion — abor·tion /ə bȯr shən/ n 1: the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus; esp: the medical procedure of inducing expulsion of a human fetus to terminate a pregnancy 2: the crime of …   Law dictionary

  • Abortion — A*bor tion ([.a]*b[^o]r sh[u^]n), n. [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See {Abort}.] 1. The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abortion — (n.) 1540s, from L. abortionem (nom. abortio) miscarriage, abortion, noun of action from pp. stem of aboriri (see ABORTIVE (Cf. abortive)). Earlier noun in English was simple abort (early 15c.). Originally of both deliberate and unintended… …   Etymology dictionary

  • abortion — ⇒ABORTION, subst. fém. MÉDECINE 1. Thérapeutique par laquelle s interrompt avant son terme le processus habituel d une maladie évolutive : • 1. Quand le malade, cas ordinaire, n est pris en traitement que 4, 6, 8 jours après le début, il n y a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • abortion — abortion, miscarriage denote the premature expulsion of a fetus before it is capable of living independently. Abortion may connote purposeful induction of the process either illicitly in order to avoid childbearing or therapeutically to protect… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • abortion — [n1] expulsion of fetus aborticide, feticide, misbirth, miscarriage, termination; concepts 230,699 abortion [n2] failure disappointment, disaster, fiasco, misadventure, premature delivery; concepts 304,308,674 Ant. continuation, success …   New thesaurus

  • abortion — ► NOUN 1) the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. 2) the natural expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. 3) informal, derogatory something imperfectly planned or made. DERIVATIVES abortionist noun… …   English terms dictionary

  • abortion — [ə bôr′shən] n. [L abortio: see ABORT] 1. a) any spontaneous expulsion of an embryo or a fetus before it is sufficiently developed to survive; miscarriage b) any deliberate procedure that removes, or induces the expulsion of, a living or dead… …   English World dictionary

  • Abortion — Induced abortion Classification and external resources ICD 10 O04 …   Wikipedia


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